Cooling mechanisms for pigs can come in the form of drip water system or a wallow for a hog pen. Pigs can be housed indoors in individual stalls, pens in groups or batch or in barns. Even if the pigs are raised outdoors they would need a shelter during cold and hot weathers. The housing should have a space for feeding and bedding.
Assist the piglet in breathing by swinging its head down or slapping it for a few seconds. Do not pull the cord away from the body while cutting so as not to cause hernia. Dip injured tip of cord into bottle of tincture of iodine.
Whenever necessary, a watt bulb after 14 days of brooding. This is done by holding the pig firmly by one hand with three fingers supporting the jaw and the thumb pressing against the back of the neck.
Insert the forefinger to one side of the mouth just behind the needle teeth reaching for the tip of the tongue. With a side-cutting nipper or ordinary nail cutter cut close to the gum level. Do not make a slanted cut or leave jagged edges for these are likely to cause injuries to the gums and tongue of the piglet and teats of the mother.
Clean and disinfect nipper before working with another piglet. Colostrum contains antibodies needed by the baby pigs to fight against diseases during the early life. Injection of commercial iron dextran is necessary to prevent piglet or newborn anemia.
Repeat administration 14 days after birth or a soon as symptoms are detected. When weaning is done earlier than 56 days, a sow can farrow from four to five times in two years since sows usually come in heat from three to seven days after weaning.
The proper procedure in weaning is to remove the sow, leaving the piglets in familiar surroundings. It is also important that all other routinary management practices like deworming, castration, and ear notching or tattooing are carried out before weaning.
Slow -growing pigs despite good feeding and management should be disposed immediately. Keeping them longer is uneconomical.
It is also important to know the exact weights of the live animals and sell the pigs on weight basis. In commercial farms, identification is through ear notching and tattooing.
This is done to improve the meat quality and to prevent the perpetuation of undesirable individuals. Consider the condition of the male animal and the surroundings environment when castrating. Use a milk replacer.
Choose many available brands. Always allow a transition period of at least one week before making changes. Wet feeding is mostly practiced by backyard producers. Presented herein are sample rations for the different classes of swine.
Sample 1 — Daily Feed Requirements for 10 piglets from 7 kg.Gerard Dawns Pig Farming Business Ebook. Gerard Dawns Pig Farming Ebook is an amazing guide that goes into detail on how to setup a successful pig farming business and proper feed your pigs with the right nutrition’s.
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