Widtsoe, a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, debunked the more-women-than-men myth, but many members continue to use it. Plural marriage has been a subject of wide and frequent comment. Members of the Church unfamiliar with its history, and many non-members, have set up fallacious reasons for the origin of this system of marriage among the Latter-day Saints.
See Article History Greek literature, body of writings in the Greek languagewith a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium bc to the present day. Later, after the conquests of Alexander the Great, Greek became the common language of the eastern Mediterranean lands and then of the Byzantine Empire.
Literature in Greek was produced not only over a much wider area but also by those whose mother tongue was not Greek. Even before the Turkish conquest the area had begun to shrink again, and now it is chiefly confined to Greece and Cyprus.
Ancient Greek literature Of the literature of ancient Greece only a relatively small proportion survives. Yet it remains important, not only because much of it is of supreme quality but also because until the midth century the greater part of the literature of the Western world was produced by writers who were familiar with the Greek tradition, either directly or through the medium of Latin, who were conscious that the forms they used were mostly of Greek invention, and who took for granted in their readers some familiarity with Classical literature.
The periods The history of ancient Greek literature may be divided into three periods: Archaic to the end of the 6th century bc ; Classical 5th and 4th centuries bc ; and Hellenistic and Greco-Roman 3rd century bc onward.
Archaic periodto the end of the 6th century scientific topics for persuasive essays for 6th The Greeks created poetry before they made use of writing for literary purposes, and from the beginning their poetry was intended to be sung or recited.
The art of writing was little known before the 7th century bc. The script used in Crete and Mycenae during the 2nd millennium bc [ Linear B ] is not known to have been employed for other than administrative purposes, and after the destruction of the Mycenaean cities it was forgotten.
Its subject was myth —part legendbased sometimes on the dim memory of historical events; part folktale; and part religious speculation. But since the myths were not associated with any religious dogmaeven though they often treated of gods and heroic mortals, they were not authoritative and could be varied by a poet to express new concepts.
Thus, at an early stage Greek thought was advanced as poets refashioned their materials; and to this stage of Archaic poetry belonged the epics ascribed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey, retelling intermingled history and myth of the Mycenaean Age.
These two great poems, standing at the beginning of Greek literature, established most of the literary conventions of the epic poem. The didactic poetry of Hesiod c. The several types of Greek lyric poetry originated in the Archaic period among the poets of the Aegean Islands and of Ionia on the coast of Asia Minor.
Archilochus of Paros, of the 7th century bc, was the earliest Greek poet to employ the forms of elegy in which the epic verse line alternated with a shorter line and of personal lyric poetry. His work was very highly rated by the ancient Greeks but survives only in fragments; its forms and metrical patterns—the elegiac couplet and a variety of lyric metres—were taken up by a succession of Ionian poets.
At the beginning of the 6th century Alcaeus and Sapphocomposing in the Aeolic dialect of Lesbos, produced lyric poetry mostly in the metres named after them the alcaic and the sapphicwhich Horace was later to adapt to Latin poetry.
No other poets of ancient Greece entered into so close a personal relationship with the reader as Alcaeus, Sappho, and Archilochus do.
They were succeeded by Anacreon of Teos, in Ionia, who, like Archilochus, composed his lyrics in the Ionic dialect. Choral lyric, with musical accompaniment, belonged to the Dorian tradition and its dialectand its representative poets in the period were Alcman in Sparta and Stesichorus in Sicily.
Both tragedy and comedy had their origins in Greece. Comedytoo, originated partly in Dorian Greece and developed in Attica, where it was officially recognized rather later than tragedy. Both were connected with the worship of Dionysusgod of fruitfulness and of wine and ecstasy.
Written codes of law were the earliest form of prose and were appearing by the end of the 7th century, when knowledge of reading and writing was becoming more widespread.
No prose writer is known earlier than Pherecydes of Syros c. To Aesopa semi-historical, semi-mythological character of the mid-6th century, have been attributed the moralizing beast fables inherited by later writers.
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Classical period, 5th and 4th centuries bc True tragedy was created by Aeschylus and continued with Sophocles and Euripides in the second half of the 5th century.
Aristophanesthe greatest of the comedic poets, lived on into the 4th century, but the Old Comedy did not survive the fall of Athens in The sublime themes of Aeschylean tragedyin which human beings stand answerable to the gods and receive awe-inspiring insight into divine purposes, are exemplified in the three plays of the Oresteia.
The tragedy of Sophocles made progress toward both dramatic complexity and naturalness while remaining orthodox in its treatment of religious and moral issues.
Euripides handled his themes on the plane of skeptical enlightenment and doubted the traditional picture of the gods. Corresponding development of dramatic realization accompanied the shift of vision: The Old Comedy of Aristophanes was established later than tragedy but preserved more obvious traces of its origin in ritual; for the vigour, wit, and indecency with which it keenly satirized public issues and prominent persons clearly derived from the ribaldry of the Dionysian festival.
This phase was followed toward the beginning of the 3rd century by the New Comedyintroduced by Menanderwhich turned for its subjects to the private fictional world of ordinary people. Later adaptations of New Comedy in Latin by Plautus and Terence carried the influence of his work on to medieval and modern times.
In the 5th century, Pindarthe greatest of the Greek choral lyrists, stood outside the main Ionic-Attic stream and embodied in his splendid odes a vision of the world seen in terms of aristocratic values that were already growing obsolete.Delegation strategies for the NCLEX, Prioritization for the NCLEX, Infection Control for the NCLEX, FREE resources for the NCLEX, FREE NCLEX Quizzes for the NCLEX, FREE NCLEX exams for the NCLEX, Failed the NCLEX - Help is here.
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Greek literature: Greek literature, body of writings in the Greek language, with a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium bc to the present day. From the beginning its writers were Greeks living not only in Greece proper but also in Asia Minor, the Aegean Islands, and .
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