With sports, young people learn to recognize and value the unique and important contributions of their diverse teammates. Data from the study shows that African American student-athletes are 10 percent more likely than non-athletes to plan to take college AP courses and 10 percent more likely to make plans for attending college. For these reasons, Braddock said that it's important for school administrators to be aware of these results when deciding whether or not to retain their sports programs.
Received Sep 15; Accepted Nov This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Participation in sports activities is very popular among adolescents, and is frequently encouraged among youth. Many psychosocial health benefits in youth are attributed to sports participation, but to what extent this positive influence holds for juvenile delinquency is still not clear on both the theoretical and empirical level.
There is much controversy on whether sports participation should be perceived as a protective or a risk factor for the development of juvenile delinquency. The results showed that there is no overall significant association between sports participation and juvenile delinquency, indicating that adolescent athletes are neither more nor less delinquent than non-athletes.
Some study, sample and sports characteristics significantly moderated the relationship between sports participation and juvenile delinquency.
However, this moderating influence was modest. Implications for theory and practice concerning the use of sports to prevent juvenile delinquency are discussed. Sports participation, Juvenile delinquency, Multilevel meta-analysis, Review Introduction A large number of adolescents is participating in sports activities.
Generally, sports participation is perceived as a positive leisure activity that is associated with positive psychosocial health outcomes in adolescents Eime et al. On the one hand it is believed that sports have a positive influence on the development of youth, and therefore, youth who participate in sports activities are expected to have a lower risk of engaging in delinquent behavior than youth who do not participate in sports activities Faulkner et al.
This assumption has led local governments and institutions all over the world to offer youth sports activities and interventions to prevent juvenile delinquency Cameron and MacDougall ; Hartmann ; Kelly ; Miller et al. This division in views has led some researchers to test the assumptions on the association between sports participation and juvenile delinquency in order to understand if, and how sports participation is contributing to the occurrence of juvenile delinquency Miller et al.
So far, empirical evidence is inconclusive Coakley ; Farb and Matjasko ; Gardner et al.
It remains unclear whether sports participation is either positively or negatively associated with delinquent behavior among youth or whether no associations exist at all. Therefore, the aim of the current meta-analysis is to examine the relationship between sports participation and juvenile delinquency.
Theoretical Framework Sports participation and delinquency are important developmental themes in adolescence. During adolescence, youth become more autonomous from their parents and the influence of the home environment shifts towards the afterschool, peer, and leisure setting Fredricks and Eccles At the same time, the development and incidence of delinquent behaviors peaks Moffitt Studying the relationship between sports participation and juvenile delinquency is therefore particularly relevant during adolescence.
Over the years, scientists have developed multiple theories about the relationship between sports participation and delinquency during adolescent years. Some of these theories support the idea that sports participation is associated with less juvenile delinquency.
Some Agnew and Petersen ; Hass argue that sports participation has a positive influence on all four elements.The Case Against High-School Sports. Every year, thousands of teenagers move to the United States from all over the world, for all . The Effects of Participation in Athletics on Academic Performance among High School Sophomores and Juniors A Dissertation Presented to The Faculty of the School of.
Nov 23, · Sports participation and delinquency are important developmental themes in adolescence. The assumed positive influences of sports may not be strong enough to affect behaviors and skills outside Smith EA, Caldwell LL, Kimbrough J. Violence and high school sports participation.
Pediatric Exercise Science. ; . The Case for High School Activities INTRODUCTION. The National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) and its member state associations champion interscholastic sports and performing arts activities because they promote citizenship and sportsmanship in the 11 million students who participate nationwide.
Does Participation in Sports Negatively Affect Academics? How to Help Your Teen Focus on School Work. What Is the Importance of Sports in Our Lives? Why Should High School Kids Take Gym Every Year?
Physical Symptoms of Stress in College Students. Negatives of Competitive Sports. In a Brown Center report on American school performance, schools with top-ranked baseball, basketball and football teams were found to have better state achievement exam scores than those with less successful sports pfmlures.comd: Jun 17,