At any given time in the field of history there are always value judgements. It is difficult to remain objective and free of bias, therefore those sources which best fit our view are given credence over others. In this paper we will consider how the present underwrites the way we think about the past. This will be generally examined before comparing various sources in relation to the Spanish conquest of the New World.
The aspect of colonization that I will be discussing throughout this essay is the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange dramatically changed the way of life for those in the Americas, as well as those in Africa and Europe.
This dynamic of colonization provided both positives, like increased food and populations, and negatives, like the rapid spreading of disease, for all involved in the process. The Columbian Exchange also allowed for the region to become integrated with other areas of the world that had previously not been connected.
Like many other aspects of the colonization in Latin America and the Caribbean, the Columbian Exchange drastically impacted both regions involved in many ways, all while integrating the Americas with the outside world of other continents.
The Columbian Exchange is described as the exchange of ideas, plants, animals and disease between the New World of the Americas and the Old World of Africa and Eurasia. It developed almost immediately after Columbus arrived in the Americas in and has been continuing ever since. Not only did the Columbian Exchange spark the connection between multiple continents with Latin America and the Caribbean, but it also affected the history of both worlds economically, politically, and socially as we have come to understand them today.
With the Columbian Exchange, many good things, such as crops, animals, and ideas were transported across the oceans. However, with the good there is always the bad and in this case it came in the form of disease and infections. All of these would go on to affect the way history played out from way back in until today.
The crops and plants that made there way between Latin American and the Caribbean and the Old World during the Columbian Exchange impacted the world drastically and continues to do so today. Pretty much any crop that you can think of came from either the New World or the Old World.
For example, rice and wheat came from Eurasia and Africa, while corn and potatoes came from the New World. However, that is not even close to the total amount of crops and plants transported during the Columbian Exchange.
Beans, peanuts, squash, pumpkin, papaya, guava, avocado, pineapple, tomato, Chile pepper, cocoa were all brought from the Americas back to the East, and sugarcane, which could be used to make coffee, tea, chocolate and rum, was introduced to the Americas. These crops and plants would eventually become intertwined in the cultures of both Latin America and the East.
For example, potatoes would become a relied upon food source for low-income families in European nations and sugarcane would be developed on plantations all across Latin America and the Caribbean.
We will write a custom essay sample on History: Spanish Colonization of the Americas and Spanish Conquest specifically for you for only $ $/page Order now. History of Early North American Colonies Essay - The European conquest for establishing North American colonies began with various motivations, each dependent on different, and/or merging necessities: economics, the desire to flee negative societal . The Progressive Rape of Latin America by Europe and America Persuasive Essay This paper explores the nature of European and American exploitation of Latin America as discussed in "The Open Veins of Latin America", by Eduardo Galeano.
Along with plants and crops, animals were another important dynamic to the Columbian Exchange. Sheep, cattle, pigs, chickens, new dogs, and goat were all brought over from the East and introduced to the Americas during this time.
Animals were also transferred to the East in the form of turkeys, llamas, alpacas, and guinea pigs. Perhaps the most important animal that was transported during this time was the horse.
Initially, horses provided the Old World countries with an advantage over the Americans. This came in the form of war and the battlefield.
While Americans, such as the Aztecs and Incas, were unable to get around and fight via horseback, the invading Spanish rode around the area with power and ease. This provided a tremendous advantage for the Spanish in the colonization of Latin American and the Caribbean.
However, once horses and other animals began to be transported over to the New World, they provided the Americans with the opportunity to become equals on the battlefield, as well as the ability to increase productivity during times of peace with a new form of labor, better transportation, and even new food sources.
However, with the good there are also the bad aspects of the Columbian Exchange.The Spanish Conquest of Latin America essay Posted on April 7th, , by essay A great deal of historical documents touch on the theme of the Spanish Conquest of Latin America and give us numerous facts in order to prove this or that historical event.
All the content in this America section was developed from lessons, namely; – America in the s – The Slave TradeThe content below has been modified to align with the / curriculum changes Conquest, warfare and Spanish early colonialism in the AmericasThe Caribbean Islands.
Essay The World Of Latin America.
|The background||He built a fort and left behind Spanish soldiers to hunt for gold on Hispaniola, while he returned to Spain. These men were later murdered by the inhabitants of the island for mistreating them.|
|Christopher Columbus and the Spanish Conquest of the Americas - don Qu||No Comments A great deal of historical documents touch on the theme of the Spanish Conquest of Latin America and give us numerous facts in order to prove this or that historical event.|
Latin America is an area on the map that is denoted as the countries that speak Spanish and Portuguese within the Americas. Spanish Conquest of the Americas In the late 15th century, Cristóbal Colón, known in the English-speaking world as Christopher Columbus, a man well-read in geography, astronomy, history, and theology who had extensive maritime experience, believed he .
Ethnicity and Latin America Latin America and the American colonies were “tamed” based on completely different ideologies. From a Latin American perspective, the most important of the European explorers were of course, the Spanish and the Portuguese. We will write a custom essay sample on History: Spanish Colonization of the Americas and Spanish Conquest specifically for you for only $ $/page Order now.