To help students identify the kinds of groups they are born into and join.
Introduction[ edit ] In sociology, a group is usually defined as a number of people who identify and interact with one another. This is a very broad definition, as it includes groups of all sizes, from dyads to whole societies.
While an aggregate comprises merely a number of individuals, a group in sociology exhibits cohesiveness to a larger degree.
Aspects that members in the group may share include: One way of determining if a collection of people can be considered a group is if individuals who belong to that collection use the self-referent pronoun "we;" using "we" to refer to a collection of people often implies that the collection thinks of itself as a group.
Examples of groups include: Collections of people that do not use the self-referent pronoun "we" but share certain characteristics e. Such collections are referred to as categories of people rather than groups; examples include: Individuals form groups for a variety of reasons.
There are some rather obvious ones, like reproduction, protection, trade, protest, and food production. But social categorization of people into groups and categories also facilitates behavior and action.
Suppose you are driving somewhere in a car when you notice red lights flashing in your rearview mirror. Because you have been socialized into society, you know that the red lights mean you should pull over, so you do. After waiting for a minute or two, an individual in a uniform walks toward your car door.
You roll down your window and the individual asks you for your "license and registration. In all likelihood, you do not have to question this individual as to why they are driving a special car with lights on it, why they are wearing a uniform, why they are carrying a gun, or why they pulled you over you may ask why they pulled you over, but doing so often increases the likelihood they'll give you a ticket.
In short, because you recognize that the individual driving the car belongs to a specific social category or groupyou can enter this interaction with a body of knowledge that will help guide your behavior. You do not have to learn how to interact in that situation every single time you encounter it.
In fact, sociologists have long recognized the people experience much of social life by attempting to frame situations in terms they can understand. To accomplish this, people scan situations for information "given" e. Based on this information, people then act in ways they have been socialized to believe is appropriate for the situation.
In the case above, for example, you as the driver would note the information given e. In so doing, you would be using the knowledge of groups at your disposal to manage the situation.
Such interpretive work combined with social categorizations to smooth a wide variety of interactional and interpretive experiences. Social Identity Theory[ edit ] Social identity is a theory developed by Henri Tajfel and John Turner to understand the psychological basis of intergroup discrimination.There are groups of people everywhere you go.
As a person, you may belong to many different types of groups: a religious group, an ethnic group, your workplace colleague group, your college class, a .
Belonging would seem like an expected thing, as we belong to many groups in society, ranging from groups we are born in to, such as family, our town, our country even, and to groups which we choose, such as friendship circles, sporting clubs and many more. Some of the groups that people belong to are groups that they didn't choose.
These are groups like families and groups that are based on cultural or racial distinctions. These are groups that are based on involuntary membership. We define appropriate behavior by reference to the norms of groups we belong to, but you can only do this if you can tell who belongs to your group.
Identification We identify with groups that we perceive ourselves to belong to. In sociology we distinguish between two types of groups based upon their characteristics. A Primary group is.
We Belong to Many Groups Adapted from A WORLD OF DIFFERENCE® Institute Objective: Kids will identify groups to which they belong in an active sharing game.
Preparation and Materials: Open play space; Have kids create a drawing showing the groups they belong to after the game. In the social sciences, a social group can be defined as two or more people who interact with one another, share similar characteristics, and collectively have a sense of unity.
Other theorists disagree however, and are wary of definitions which stress the importance of interdependence or .